Baby Oral Health & Development
Baby speech and language developments are effected by oral portions of body including teeth while they’re also effected by feeding styles and practices.
Baby’s oral development begins at 4 weeks gestation and continues through pregnancy, infancy, and early childhood. Jaws, lips, teeth, head, and neck work together to promote oral development, which synchronizes with the progression of her feeding and speech.
Stages of Oral Development
Each baby develops differently either soon or late at his or her own pace based on unique circumstances in the environment, nutrition, genetics, home-life, and more. The following milestones provide an overview of development.
Before birth: The jaws, esophagus, taste buds, and trachea develop before your baby is born. Her nasal breathing, taste, tongue position, and the ability to nurse through sucking and swallowing emerge at this time. Your baby even practices puckering her lips and moving her mouth in utero.
0-6 Months: Until the age of 6 months, breast milk or formula serves as your baby’s complete source of nutrition. The gag reflex protects your baby while she nurses and keeps liquid from entering her airways. She uses sequential sucking, with breathing in between. This helps her to develop the necessary movements of her jaws then enable her to chew.
Your baby hears and recognizes sounds from the moment she is born, she coos and babbles simple vowel-like noises.
6-12 Months: At 6 months, your baby may begin to show signs of teething. You may begin introduce solids. She can start with small amounts of thin, soupy textures and move toward thicker. Her gag reflex moves to the back of her mouth, and her tongue moves with her jaw. She can transfer food to the center of her mouth. Please don’t forget to visit dentist too.
12-24 Months: Upper and lower molars usually appear between 12 and 15 months of age, followed by upper and lower canines. You can add in mashed foods, and small, chopped table foods as she progresses. Chewing these foods helps her develop proper tongue, jaw, and lip movements.
She will gradually have better control of her lips and breathing-swallowing pattern, allowing her to take longer drinks from cups and to close her lips while she chews. Her chewing pattern begins to shift to a rotary motion, versus an up-down movement.
Your child learns to say words with more than one syllable and simple statements that combine two words.
24 Months & Over: When your baby is 2 years old, most of the primary teeth will have erupted. Her last teeth to erupt are the upper and lower second molars. She can now eat a variety of foods from each food group. She can drink from a straw or cup, and easily retracts her tongue to swallow.
Language development in children varies, but sentences using multiple words usually occur around this age. Though the grammar may not be perfect, your child’s vocabulary will develop as she grows.
Article reference: https://iplaybaby.com/whole-baby-resource/info/oral-health-development/
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